Friday, May 22, 2020
When it comes to parenthood we all have something to add, a unique situation or opinion based on how we were raised, or how we raise-or plan on raising-our own children. With this said it is undeniable that parenting styles and their effectiveness vary. In research, parenting styles have been split into four categories the authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and the uninvolved. Within these categories, researches have attempted to map the effectiveness of parenting styles and the positive and negative outcomes of each. Despite the eclectic and commonly erratic nature of family structures, practices, and norms, we can start to break apart the authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and uninvolved parenting styles, in attempt to recognize the most effective methods involved with raising children. Diana Baumrind, PHD of Psychology and known for her work on parenting styles and developmental psychology, first proposed three parenting styles, authoritarian, authoritative, and perm issive. She later expanded these to include a fourth, splitting the permissive into two, the permissive indulgent and permissive uninvolved. (1). Defining the four parenting styles is ultimately a balance between two variables within parenting styles. These are, sensitive or responsiveness, and parental demand for obedience. Dr. Maryann Rosenthal author of Be a Parent Not a Pushover puts it thusly, Ã¢â¬Å"How much obedience parents demand, how much freedom they grant, and how these two behaviors meshShow MoreRelatedParenting Styles And Its Effects On Children Essay1558 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThere are four main parenting styles, these four include: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved/neglectful. The way in which parents Ã¢â¬ËparentÃ¢â¬â¢ their children effect the children on how the child develops into an adult and it affects their cognitive development. Parents that are authoritative encourage and allow their children to be independent, but the parent also sets boundaries and limits. If a child needs to be disciplined or punished, the parent does so, but not in a harmfulRead MoreThe Effects of Parenting Styles on Children781 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshow to raise children and how to be a Ã¢â¬Å"good parent.Ã¢â¬ Often, parents get advice on how to parent from their own parents, from their close friends, and even experts. There are three main types of parenting styles: authoritarian parenting, permissive parenting, and authoritative parenting. Authoritative parenting is a parenting style characterized by strict rules, harsh punishments and little warmth. Permissive parenting is characterized by parents who are responsive to their children, but lack rulesRead MoreParenting Styles And Its Effects On Children957 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesParenting Styles One of the challenges every parent faces is determining the best way to raise their child. Bob Keeshan states that parents are the ultimate role models for children. Every word, movement and action has an effect. No other person or outside force has a greater influence on a child than the parent. Parents use various techniques to raise their kids. How a child is raised or developed depends on the structures that the parents used. A parent is not intrinsically bad or good; he or sheRead MoreParenting Styles And Their Effects On Children1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesParenting Styles and Their Effects on Children Parents play a key role in their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, including supervision, involvement, love, support, comfort, and a wide variety of discipline and punishment. The relationship between parenting styles and child is vital and impacts the childÃ¢â¬â¢s physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Parenting involves two dimensions, demandingness and responsiveness sometimes referred to as control and warmth. With the use of these dimensions four parenting stylesRead MoreParenting Styles and Their Effects on Children1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshave found patterns in parenting styles and their effects on children. Parenting isnÃ¢â¬â¢t only a collection of skills, rules, and tricks of the trade (Lloyd, Carol. 2012)Ã¢â¬ , it defines who you become, reflects your culture and represents values important in a family. Parenting style has a long term impact on a childÃ¢â¬â¢s development, success and outlook on life. The three styles of parenting are permissive parenting/hands-off p arenting , authoritarian parenting, authoritative parenting .Studies revealed thatRead MoreParenting Styles And Their Effects On Children2090 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesParenting Styles and Their Effects on Children We must all realize the impact we have on the world around us, whether it be an immediate effect or an action that releases a chain of events that is unforeseeable. Taking responsibility for the activities we partake in during everyday life is crucial for progressing in the future. This concept becomes much more actualized when we are raising our children. Children are undoubtedly the future of today. How we raise them will immediately impact what kindRead MoreOverview of Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Children1463 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAccording to WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s dictionary, the definition of parenting is of Ã¢â¬Å"the process of raising and educating a child from birth to adulthood.Ã¢â¬ Have you ever pondered on how different you would be if your parents would have raised you differently? Everyone was raised differently, therefore we all will be different types of parents. We may cherish the way our parents raised and disciplined us, so weÃ¢â¬â¢ll utilize those techn iques when we become parents. On the other side, we may despise the way our parentsRead Moreeffect of parenting style on the academic development of children6694 Words Ã |Ã 27 Pagesview on parenting as the skill or activity of looking after your own children. Davies (2000) opined that parenting (or child rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional social and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting style is a psychological contrast representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing (stantrock, 2007). There are many differing theories and opinions on the best ways to rear children, as wellRead MoreThe Effects Of Parenting Styles On The Psychological Development Of Children And Adolescents999 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdifferent parenting styles on the psychological development of children and adolescents. Today, there are four vital parenting styles in psychology: authoritative, neglectful, indulgent and authoritarian. Each style possesses its own different characteristics and each produce different psychological developments in children and adolescents. In order to understand the effects of parenting styles on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological development, it is obligatory we consider how a particular parenting style affectsRead MoreDiana Baumrind s Effect Of Parenting Styles On Children Essay1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDiana BaumrindÃ¢â¬â¢s effect of parenting styles on children Baumrind was born into a Jewish community in the New YorkÃ¢â¬â¢s Jewish enclaves. She was the first two daughters of Hyman and Mollie Blumberg. Diana, the eldest in an extended family of female cousins, inherited the role of eldest son, which allowed her to participate in serious conversations about philosophy, ethics, literature, and politics. She completed her B.A. in Psychology and Philosophy at Hunter College in 1948, and her M.A. and Ph.D. in
Saturday, May 9, 2020
North America is one of the most affluent region in the world. It has the leading and most influential economy but the country itself also contains complicated social issues. This essay will discuss the economy and social issue of North America, including the two countries Canada and the United States. First, it has to be mentioned that North America has the most desirable resources abundance. Abundance of energy, metals, forest resources create the foundation for the economy to develop. But the success of North America comes with the contribution of high technology and specialization. The starting phrases of North America economy start with agriculture and they build the most efficient food system in the world. After that comes the urbanization and industrialization. These processes are due to increased connectivity, which is the transportation and communication system. In 1860 30,000 miles of railroad track had been built, until 1910 it had been 250,000 miles. After 1920, automobile, paved highways, commercial air links, radio, telephone services reduce all the cost of distance. After that comes computer, satellite, telecommunication and Internet tech, making North America the leader in global information age. With all these processes in the economy, the labor force also evolve from primary sector to secondary sector (manufacture, industrial) to services and information processing sector, workers in the two latter sectors take about 70% of the labor force. TheShow MoreRelatedThe Expansion Of The New Nation1477 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In the later half of nineteenth century America, the new nationÃ¢â¬â¢s original ability to resolve conflict through means of peaceful compromise had vanished. Various spans of conflict such as Westward Expansion, the Market Revolution, Sectionalism, Mexican American War, the succession of the southern states and ultimately the failure of the Compromise of 1850 that made compromise between the North and the South unattainable. It was the uncompromising differences amongst the free and slave states overRead MoreHas the North American Free Trade Agreement Supported Cohesion?815 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was created with the intentions of making North America as a whole a more competitive player in the global marketplace. The North American countries (Canada, America, and Mexico) all share the same hope that NAFTA will be a strong outlet in supporting economic activity and promoting social cohesion between one another. Has NAFTA done this thu s far? Most Americans would probably say that it has not because in their eyes free trade is the reason for moreRead MoreCanada and Americas Obligations to China Essay1135 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesgain. Instead, North American nations should restrict aid and trade with China to programs that can be used to encourage social reforms. Both Canada and the US have ideological duties to defend human rights. Being relatively young nations, both were conceived in a time when respect for civil liberties was growing and the idea of democracy was flourishing. While most of Europe developed democracy and current values and beliefs over centuries of monarchical rule, North America merely inheritedRead MoreAmerica: From the Signing of the Constitution to the Civil War1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJuly 4th, 1776 the United States of America declares its independence from England. A new nation begins to take shape. America, as new country, begins to see its challenges. In 1787, the adoption of the constitution and a new central government took form with similarities to the British system they had just overthrown. America, since the adoption of the constitution and up until the civil war faced social, political, and economic challenges. In the social context, it dealt with slavery, religiousRead MoreThe Secession Crisis Of 1860 -18611637 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages such as the economic effect of the South overestimating its importance due to the prevalence of slave grown cotton. Westward expansion had the social effect of the citizens of territories wanting statehood to get into arguments and civil wars due to popular sovereignty. States rights had the political effect of the southern states believing that since they agreed to become part of the United States, they could just as easily leave the country. Without a doubt, the social, economic, and politicalRead MoreAsfasf754 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages 1. The Second Industrial Revolution a. Explain how patterns of exchange, markets, and private enterprise have developed, and analyze ways that governments have responded to economic issues. b. Analyze how technological innovation has affected economic development and society. c. Explain how interpretations of the Constitution and debates over rights, liberties, and definitions of citizenship have affected American values, politics, and society. d. Explain how interpretationsRead MoreWestward Expansion and the Civil War Frq1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages the United States was expanding westward rapidly. And as America expanded, so did the sectionalism. The rifts between the North and the South, caused by conflicting views on Westward Expansion were becoming more evident. Not only were the debates over westward expansion tedious; the ever growing social debate was also becoming alarmingly prevalent. And in 1860, the Civil War broke out, ultimately because of economic, political and social aspects of westward expansion. Therefore, westward expansionRead MoreEssay On The Causes Of The Civil War1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfuture of America. Approximately 620,000 lives were lost during the war, which goes to show how the North and South were engaging in battles on a tremendous scale. Both Northerners and Southerners were ready to lose their lives over the values they held dear. However, the causes of the civil war were quite sim ple as it detailed the specifics on why the war came about. The civil war was not caused by extremism and a failure of leadership on both sides, but rather due to the distinct social and laborRead MoreEffects Of Economic Change On Social Classes885 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEffects of Economic Change on Social Classes in America. Between the Civil War and World War II, the United States went through drastic economic change. The industrialization of America was going full force and resulting in the expansions of technology and factories. The industrial revolution lead to the urbanization of major populations and most people to turn away from agriculture. Large cities and factories brought benefits to certain social classes and brought struggles to others. The workingRead MoreThe American Civil War981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshelped develop America to what it is today. Many people think that the American Civil War was fought over the issue of slavery alone, but in reality it was caused by many disagreements and events between the northern free states and southern slave states that occurred prior to the war. Monetary alterations were one of the main reasons the North and South had many conflicts and differences in beliefs. The Civil War was an inevitable event for the South due to economic, political, and social re asons. One
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
One day, Ahmad go to the Pengkalan Market to buy groceries using my car as usual. After arrived there, Ahmad started to buy all my thing listed in the notes that Ahmad made before. After finished buying, Ahmad straightly walks to the car to go home. We will write a custom essay sample on My Beloved Cat or any similar topic only for you Order Now However, during my walk, suddenly Ahmad saw a cat that really cute and thus it attract me to go near to it. As Ahmad go near to the cat, the cat makes an action that makes me feel happy and enjoyable. Thus, Ahmad thinks either the cat is someone else pet or not. After think sometimes Ahmad suddenly come up with decision that Ahmad want to take this cat go back with me and to be my pet since Ahmad also never had any pet before in my home. As Ahmad arrive home, Ahmad want to find and give a suitable name to my pet. In about 20 minutes, Ahmad finally found suitable name for my cat that is Bobby. The reason that makes me choose Bobby as its name is because the cat is male (boy) cat. Hence, Ahmad left Bobby for a while in my house and Ahmad quickly went to the shop and buy cat food (Whiskas) and a cage for BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s. Thus, Ahmad went back to home, take Bobby and put it inside its cage and feed it with Whiskas. Later, Ahmad went to my bed to take my rest. As Ahmad wake up the next day, Ahmad straightly goes to BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s cage to look its condition and to give it Whiskas. However, suddenly Ahmad notice that BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s has gone and Ahmad really shocked. All bad things have play in my mind. Ahmad even thinks that someone has stolen my cat, butÃ¢â¬ ¦.. suddenly, Ahmad hear someone call my names several time and repeatedly. Thus, from time to time the sound being loud and louder and seems near to me. Next, Ahmad found that my boys are on my bed inside my room and actually Ahmad just dream on. Actually my younger sister calls me to wake me up to go to the Pengkalan market. The dream is really wonderful to me and Ahmad wonÃ¢â¬â¢t forget it ever. How to cite My Beloved Cat, Papers My Beloved Cat Free Essays One day, Ahmad go to the Pengkalan Market to buy groceries using my car as usual. After arrived there, Ahmad started to buy all my thing listed in the notes that Ahmad made before. After finished buying, Ahmad straightly walks to the car to go home. We will write a custom essay sample on My Beloved Cat or any similar topic only for you Order Now However, during my walk, suddenly Ahmad saw a cat that really cute and thus it attract me to go near to it. As Ahmad go near to the cat, the cat makes an action that makes me feel happy and enjoyable. Thus, Ahmad thinks either the cat is someone else pet or not. After think sometimes Ahmad suddenly come up with decision that Ahmad want to take this cat go back with me and to be my pet since Ahmad also never had any pet before in my home. As Ahmad arrive home, Ahmad want to find and give a suitable name to my pet. In about 20 minutes, Ahmad finally found suitable name for my cat that is Bobby. The reason that makes me choose Bobby as its name is because the cat is male (boy) cat. Hence, Ahmad left Bobby for a while in my house and Ahmad quickly went to the shop and buy cat food (Whiskas) and a cage for BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s. Thus, Ahmad went back to home, take Bobby and put it inside its cage and feed it with Whiskas. Later, Ahmad went to my bed to take my rest. As Ahmad wake up the next day, Ahmad straightly goes to BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s cage to look its condition and to give it Whiskas. However, suddenly Ahmad notice that BobbyÃ¢â¬â¢s has gone and Ahmad really shocked. All bad things have play in my mind. Ahmad even thinks that someone has stolen my cat, butÃ¢â¬ ¦.. suddenly, Ahmad hear someone call my names several time and repeatedly. Thus, from time to time the sound being loud and louder and seems near to me. Next, Ahmad found that my boys are on my bed inside my room and actually Ahmad just dream on. Actually my younger sister calls me to wake me up to go to the Pengkalan market. The dream is really wonderful to me and Ahmad wonÃ¢â¬â¢t forget it ever. How to cite My Beloved Cat, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Be specific and provide support for your recommendations (using the supporting spreadsheet available on the website). These recommendations should be suitable for presentation for upper management at Foldrite. a. Options under consideration include: Overtime, subcontracting, hiring, training, and change in design (and financial implications, risks, and other nonfinancial implications of each choice). the fixed cost is too high. The better option would be to have a lesser loss. This is also shown in the spread sheet of 2006 for Product 101. It can be seen that total Contribution is more in case when the selling price is kept the same at $24. 50, when they sell 750,000 products. The total contribution is $ 17,602,500. 00, when the selling price is $24. 50 and the total contribution is $12,212,000. 00 when the selling Fold Rite furniture Co. is a Chair manufacturing company which manufactures three products which are Cloud Chair, Alstrong and Green Comfort. The company had a growth from 1987 to 2006; however a decline was seen from year 2006 onwards. We will write a custom essay sample on Kristen Cookie or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The decline was mainly due to the loss of productivity and yields. The main reason was also considered to be the steep demand of the cloud chair during specific months of the year. Although the company had enough workers to produce all the three chairs during whole year, it does not have enough workforce to meet the demand during the seasonal peak for cloud chair. Further, the report delineates solution and few recommendation which FoldRite furniture should consider The approach used for this case is to review the company situation, provide working (calculations) and reasoning, and recommend a course of action for meeting a surge in forecast demand for the middle months of 2010. Bearing in mind the company history and constraints, the four major goals have been considered and used to guide the recommendations developed for this case.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Overrated Pity essays Tea and Sympathy by Robert Anderson is based upon several factors of todays society and the truth about human interactions. It shows the lack of acceptance in the United States today and how it affects public society. In this play by Anderson, a young teachers wife finds a way to communicate with a boy who is an outcast while attempting to make a difference in a world where many are ridiculed in a plea for tolerance. Tea and Sympathy portrays the logic and emergence of a new age where difference is morally wrong and improper. An innocent boy goes swimming with an instructor-an instructor whom he likes because this instructor is one of the few who will encourage him, who dont ride him. -And because hes an off-horse, you and the rest of them are only too glad to put two and two together and get a false answer-anything which will let you go on and basically persecute a boy whom you basically dont like. (Pg 42) This line is spoken of rage and is overcoming obstacles that one woman can no longer bear. Laura finally tells her controlling, arrogant husband that his bias ways are finally out of control and his favoritism has to end. The idea in general of not getting anywhere in humanity because of facial features, sexuality and origin of sex even, has gotten out of hand. The fact that a young adolescent who does not have the urge to become involved in athletics makes him a homosexual is preposterous. The problem with the United States has everything to do with judgmental hypocrites and physical beauty. Just because members of elite, high-class society do not care to look twice at underprivileged middle-class civilization, everybody has to undergo. If an individual does not look like a celebrity icon, they are not precious enough to be in the cream of the crop authority. Unreasonable laws are brought ajar, and disadvantages are given to the weaker powers. They are lo ...
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Interview with Fiction Author Jeff Kozlowski Interview with Fiction Author Jeff Kozlowski Interview with Fiction Author Jeff Kozlowski By Gregg This is the first of many interviews that we plan to publish on Daily Writing Tips. Below you will find the questions that Gregg Donaldson, a contributing writer for the blog, asked to Mr. Jeff Kozlowski, a fiction author and English teacher for college preparatory students with learning disabilities. Donaldson: Tell me about your latest book, Sea of Movement. Kozlowski: Sea of Movement is my first novel written for mainstream audiences. It is a multi-cultural journey taking readers through the intoxicating waters of the South Pacific, into the shattered heart of Bangladesh, and along the rugged interior of Indonesia. I attempted to write a book that appeals to the adventurous side of both male and female readers. Female readers are generally attracted to intimate, well-developed characters and male readers are typically driven by rising action. Therefore, the characters find themselves on an elegant voyage into freedom, power, and self-destruction. I envision a couple lying in bed together or side-by-side on the beach, unable to put their twin copies down. Donaldson: Hows the first release gone? Kozlowski: Ive received great feedback from my readers. Setting, characters, and plot have been praised. The biggest compliment has been that many, many people say they couldnt put the book down, often finishing it in a single night. So I guess so far Ive accomplished my goal. Donaldson: Any tips regarding how beginners can start at fiction writing? Kozlowski: Ive actually been mentoring a few of my students who are interested in the process. My advice is to get as much formal training as you can while youre young. But at the same time, remain true to your self, true to your own voice, because writing is an art form. Listen to the feedback of your readers and make revisions accordingly, but dont take criticism to heart. Learn to combine the skills learned from formal training with the secret ideas that can only come from your own heart. Enjoy the process, it is incredibly rewarding on a personal level. Donaldson: Why do you write? Kozlowski: Each story or novel I write has a unique purpose. As a teacher, one of my biggest challenges has been getting teenagers interested in reading. Over time, Ive made it a priority to bring into my classroom high interest material that makes a difference with my students. But often teenagers are the toughest critics of great literature. So I wrote The One for various students who were especially challenging to me over the years. But even more than that, I wrote the book in attempt to reach out to everyone who has faced confusion and trauma along their journey into adulthood. I tried to portray the idea that we can make it to our dreams, no matter how dark and disturbing it is when were young. And this spring, I was given the honor of reading The One with my students. I was rewarded with feedback describing the books ability to draw readers in, believability, well-defined theme, and potential impact on the youth of our society. After facing my lovable but brutally hone st tenth graders, handling other critics feedback has been a breeze. Donaldson: Why did you write The One? Kozlowski: I hope to write a series of books geared toward young males ages 18-25 about growing up. And in part to have a male perspective in answer to the Chick Lit books Donaldson: How do you create your characters? Kozlowski: Many of my characters are created from combined memories of unique individuals Ive encountered in my life altered to fit the circumstances that Im trying to portray. The most often asked question I get from readers is, How much of this happened to you? Although I choose not to share how much of my work is biography and how much is fiction, I do get to know my characters on a personal, intimate level and feel love, hatred, sorrow, or contempt for them as their actions unfold. Sometimes, my characters become such a part of me that Im compelled to bring them into future pieces of work. Donaldson: Where do your ideas come from? Kozlowski: My inspiration comes to me when Im living in a moment of purity, often while surfing, listening to music in the car, or while reading a great authors work. The ideas come from a combination of real life circumstances experiences, extenuating, and cockamamie fantasies. While writing, I feel as though Im living through my characters and attempt to bring my readers there both visually and emotionally. Donaldson: What is your writing process? Kozlowski: I would have to say that I fall more into the Kurt Vonnegut style of writing than the Stephen King model. That is to say that I am a perfectionist and cannot move forward in my plot until I am absolutely convinced that Im satisfied with the current paragraph Im working on. But I do build my stories from skeletal bones to fully clothed beings by alternating between pouring out repressed ideas in a moment of inspiration and then going back and refining them over and over again until they tell me to move on. Donaldson: What are the positives of self-publishing? Kozlowski: I believe self-publishing has been a very rewarding experience for me. First of all, Ive done all the marketing myself, and have learned many valuable strategies that I can apply in the future. I like to be my own boss and feel like Ive been in tune with the writing process from beginning to end. But the best part of the whole process is the fact that Ive used Myspace to promote my work. Ive met many wonderful people who have given me excellent feedback on my writing through the site. I have formed intimate relationships with my readers that transcend typical author/reader relations. People tell me specifically how my words touched them and what parts were most meaningful. So what I may have lost in quantity of sales has been replaced with a sense of accomplishment in the quality of my sales. Im not merely trying to sell books, but make an impact on each individual who chooses to read my work. Donaldson: How is the Web affecting fiction writing? Kozlowski: Last spring, I was in an online contest through Gather.com, which was sponsored by Borders and Simon and Schuster. Over two thousand novels competed for a single publishing contract with Simon and Schuster and I had a great ride. Sea of Movement was chosen as one of the top twenty to move on to the finalist round. Through that contest, I realized how competitive the writing industry is, whether its through mainstream publishing, or through the net. Again, I met some great people and we keep in touch to this day. I have also made great connections through Myspace and its been very beneficial to have a more personal relationship with my readers. I also believe the web has allowed many more voices to be heard around the world. Modern publishing has become a grassroots endeavor, but at the same time the web allows it to be global. Readers have purchased my work from around the world from places such as New Zealand, England and Australian and that would not have been poss ible in the past. Donaldson: What General advice would you give to other aspiring writers? Kozlowski: My advice is to write from your heart and soul. Every one of us is a human being and we all have unique stories to share. Dont let the market get in the way of the person you are or the writer you want to become. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Fiction Writing category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Avoid Beginning a Sentence with Ã¢â¬Å"WithÃ¢â¬ Capitalization Rules for the Names of Games20 Slang Terms for Law Enforcement Personnel
Sunday, February 16, 2020
London Millennium Footbridge - Essay Example The bridge is a natural expression of structural engineering and architecture but a city center footbridge is equally about people and the environment; in short, a piece of public architecture. The bridge gives the pedestrians unique views of London, free from traffic and high above the Thames. In September 1996, a competition was organized by a London-based newspaper the Financial Times and London Borough of Southwark to design a new Footbridge across the River Thames. The idea behind the competition was to get the best design in every aspect, therefore, the teams participating in the design were structured to have an engineer, an architect, and an artist. More than 200 teams participated and the competition was won by Arup (engineer), Foster (architect) and Sir Anthony Caro (Sculptor). The height restrictions and the view of the bridge required an innovative design which was provided in the form of a design which included some unusual practices; the suspension design had supporting cables below the deck level. This innovative design was given the name Ã¢â¬Ëblade of lightÃ¢â¬â¢ by its designers. A modular design in which several structural members and components can be repeated in the structure, thus reducing the fabrication costs. This can also simplify the maintenance after the construction and allows easy execution of the construction phase. A major issue was the provision of planning advice for gaining the necessary approvals to construct a new river crossing in the heart of London. Moreover, ways of generating the finances for the bridge were also to be considered while designing the bridge. The bridge design is a shallow suspension bridge in which the view behind the bridge is facilitated by keeping the suspension cables below the bridge deck. The bridge is supported on two river piers through two groups of four 120mm diameter locked coil cables which span from one bank to the other.